Water Management with Low Power Wide Area Networks
It is widely acknowledged that there are fundamental flaws in the nation’s water and wastewater management infrastructure (pipe systems, facilities, and equipment) that result in environmental damage and the loss of millions of gallons of water every year. To minimize these losses and address mounting concerns about drought, flooding, and water quality, the water industry is adopting advanced sensor and communications solutions designed specifically for “smart” water management.
LIMITATIONS OF TRADITIONAL METHODS
Labor intensive meter reading, water sampling, and the lack of visibility into distribution and collection operations and water consumption patterns result in time consuming, costly, and reactive services. There are many wireless solutions that can address the challenges faced by the water industry. Cellular, WiFi, and BTLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) are widely adopted technologies but introduce a gap left by high-cost, highdata rate cellular and low-cost, localized WiFi and Bluetooth connectivity. Traditional solutions based on these technologies can be costly to deploy and are often not suitable for operation in harsh conditions or remote areas.